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Ethical Hacking World – Why Ethical Hacking is necessary?

Ethical hacking in other words also known as penetration or pen testing. It is legally breaking into computers systems and devices to test an organization’s firewall. It’s among the most exciting jobs in Information Technology (IT) any person with hacking skills can be involved in. You will be paid to keep up with the latest tech and to break into organizations firewall without the threat of being arrested.

When ethical hackers do hacking?

  • Are there any days or hours when hacking should not be tried ?
  • Is it simply to show organizations that they can break into there computer systems or device?
  • What should be submitted as part of documentation upon the conclusion of the test? Should it include all failed and successful hacking methods, or simply the foremost important hacks? How much detail is required , every keystroke and mouse-click, or simply summary descriptions? Do the hacks got to be captured on video or screenshots?

Importance of Ethical Hacking?

There is no doubt that information of anyone in this world is the most valuable thing in today’s environment. From government companies to private, all kinds and sizes of organizations deal with huge amounts of sensitive and valuable data on an everyday basis. They are often targeted by terrorists, hackers, cyber criminals and such.

In the dawn of international conflicts, terrorists do funding to hackers to breach security systems, either to compromise national security features by injecting malware and denying access. Resulting in the huge rise of cybercrime. Companies face the biggest challenge of updating hack-preventing tactics, installing firewalls & technologies to protect the system before they can be hacked. Organizations hire ethical hackers to prevent their data from being hacked by other cyber criminals.

What are the types of ethical hacking?

  • Web application hacking
  • Social engineering
  • System hacking
  • Hacking wireless networks
  • Web server hacking

Types of Hackers

There are basically three types of hackers identified in this world:

  1. Black Hat Hacker
  2. White Hat Hacker
  3. Grey Hat Hacker

Black Hat

Black-hats are also known as an Unethical Hacker or a Security Cracker. These type of hackers hack the systems illegally to steal classified information or money or to achieve their own illegal goals.

White Hat

White hats are also known as Ethical Hackers or a Penetration Tester. These type of hackers prevent organizations systems from being hacked by black hats. They can get arrested for life if they get caught.

Grey Hat

Grey hats lie between Black hat and White hat hackers. These type of hackers can hack any system even if they don’t have permission to test the security of the system but they will never steal money or damage the system and will never take information from the system. They do hacking just to test whether firewalls are good or not. So, the organization can prevent them from being attacked by black hats.

Some Famous Hackers around the World

Kevin Mitnick

Kevin was a computer security consultant, author, and hacker. He used to infiltrates into his client’s companies to expose their security strengths, weaknesses, and potential loopholes. In the history of the US, he was formerly the most wanted computer criminal.

Since 1970s up until his last arrest in 1995, he used his skills to bypass corporate security safeguards and found his way into some of the most well-guarded systems like Sun Microsystems, Nokia, Motorola, Netcom & Digital Equipment Corporation.

Jonathan James

He was an American hacker from US. He was the first Juvenile who send to prison for cybercrime in the United States. On 18 May 2008 James committed suicide.

In 1999, at the age of 16, he gained access to several computers by breaking the password of a NASA server and stole the source code of ISS, including control of the temperature and humidity at the ISS.

Kevin Poulsen

He was an American former Black-hat hacker also known as Dark Dante. He hacked over all the telephone lines of radio station of Los Angeles, guaranteeing that he would be the 102nd caller and win the prize of a Porsche 944 S2.

He also took the attention of FBI, when he hacked into federal systems for wiretap information. As a result of this, he was sentenced for five years. He has reinvented himself as a journalist.